By Soon Minh
A new system for gaining legal gender recognition for transgender people will be introduced in Scotland in 2022.  The proposed reforms to the Gender Recognition Act 2004 will shorten the required period of time for trans people to obtain a gender recognition certificate (GRC). They will have to live as their ‘acquired gender’ for three months, followed by another three months of ‘reflection’ before receiving a GRC.
Prior to the introduction of the draft Bill, the Scottish Government held a consultation with various organisations and members of the public, where respondents were mostly split between those who supported and opposed a statutory declaration-based system. Additionally, a slim majority of respondents thought that the minimum age for applying for legal gender recognition should be lowered from 18 to 16. 
However, even without a GRC, trans people in Scotland will be able to self-identify in the 2022 Scottish census.  That is, they can answer the sex question according to how they self-identify, rather than according to their birth certificate.
The Scottish police have indicated that they will recognise the gender of sex offenders based on how they identify,  which sparked a heated online discussion between writer JK Rowling and trans activists.
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